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New enfleurage announcement: Orange Star Jasmine Enfleurage May-September 2022, Central Vermont (90 charges).

Orange Star Jasmine Enfleurage May-September 2022, Central Vermont (90 charges).
 
An organic, handmade, botanical soliflore (single note). This solid perfume has been produced by hand using the slow artisanal process of cold enfleurage from my personal Trachelospermum asiaticum (orange star jasmine, yellow star jasmine). Please note, this is indeed a truly organic and pure floral fragrance-- a rarity. The scent is a tropical, anisic, alkaline musk with hints of lemon and orange peels over licorice. A tiny dab and you will get a sweet amber. A generous smear will give you lemon and orange juice, black tea, and humid pendulous blossoms. I have a limited quantity.
 
Literally, "in flower," enfleurage is a very traditional and pure method of extracting fragrance, utilizing only fat and plant material. To learn more about the enfleurage process generally and at Wild Veil, please continue reading the section below. Here, I have used enfleurage to capture the the seductive exhalation of blooming star jasmine. This "pommade" (highly scented solid perfume-- not to be confused with pomade for hair!) consists of thousands of individual organic blossoms that I gathered from my perfume gardens, laid onto an emulsion of organic avocado butter and raw beeswax. I repeated this process to reach a degree of fragrance saturation. Each repetition is a "charge," and this enfleurage was charged 90 times. The enfleurage is joined with the honey musk of raw, organic beeswax melted at low heat. The aroma is a mellow and intimate skin scent. It is very much the opposite of the shrill, overpowering version of a synthetic floral you find at the fragrance counter. Only you and those closest to you will be able to smell it. Apply to pulse points.
There is a noticeable contrast in the floral texture and scent between star jasmine species (Trachelospermum spp.). What are the implications for enfleurage? Not only can they be extracted separately to produce distinct aromatic results, but the physical compositions of their corollas (petals) demand different treatment on the pommade chassis. Native to east and southeast Asia, Trachelospermum jasminoides bears actinomorphic ("ray-formed," "radial," "star shaped") rotate flowers, meaning they are radially symmetrical. Even though their flowers look like they are five-- occasionally six-- petaled, upon closer inspection one can see that their corollas actually comprise a single fused petal: a central tube that flares out into five curving lobes resembling a pinwheel, rather than five free petals attached to the calyx by individual claws. The white flowered species (T. jasminoides) perfumes the air with a lush, humid, and wet scent. It is inimitable and unmistakable, with anol or (E)-4-propenylphenol making up a high percentage of its floral volatiles, along with the lignan trachelogenin amide. The orange type (T. asiaticum), less commonly seen in the contiguous United States, has petal lobes that are broader and less tightly curled, giving a looser appearance than one sees in the white cultivar. With a licorice-orange scent, it represents a complete aromatic departure from its relative.
     In their wilted states, both flowers become sticky and soft. When well hydrated, marked differences appear in the petal tissue. The white variety has a paper-like crispness, while the orange breed feels gummy. This means that, dependent on other factors like density of the spread and ambient temperature and humidity, the white cultivar can be left to desiccate on the pommade. It will shrink and shrivel to the stiffness of dry papier-mâché. The orange type, if left unattended, dissolves into a brown goo.
 
Photos: fresh orange star jasmine flowers charging enfleurage pommade, my star jasmine plants in bloom.

PLEASE READ:
**Although the floral perfume produced by enfleurage is osmically balanced (meaning it contains sufficiently complex interplay of top through base notes to be considered a perfume in itself), it is a subtle creation. It must be given time to breathe on the skin. When cold, it may not smell much at all. Allow it to breathe and warm on a pulse point before inhaling deeply. Most noses love the aroma of my enfleurage but, a small percent of my clients are anosmic to enfleurage and therefore cannot smell the floral fragrance. This has to do with natural differences in nasal receptors and is not due to an issue with the product. I always recommend ordering a sample before committing to a larger size for this reason.**

A B O U T • W I L D • V E I L • E N F L E U R A G E

Enfleurage is a beautiful process whereby odorless fats that are solid at room temperature are used to capture the fragrant compounds exuded by plants. Enfleurage is by far one of the oldest methods of fragrance extraction, and it is nearly extinct. Only a handful of artisans still practice it today as it is no longer used in the manufacture of perfumes on a mass scale. A voluptuous art, enfleurage is quite the labor of love, consuming time, labor, and expense. Historically enfleurage was done by women, or maidens, in the fields of Grasse, France. Although far rarer to find enfleurage products in the market today, is still "largely" practiced by women.

There are two types of enfleurage: "cold" and "hot." Wild Veil exclusively uses cold enfleurage:

In cold enfleurage, a large framed plate of glass, called a chassis, is smeared with a layer of fat, traditionally unscented animal fat rendered from lard or tallow, and allowed to set. Wild Veil does not use any animal fat whatsoever! My enfleurage products are organic and botanical; I purvey fats from a variety of nut and plant butters such as shea, jojoba, avocado, fair trade palm, and mango. Botanical matter, usually petals or whole flowers, is then placed on the fat and its scent is allowed to diffuse into the fat over the course of 1-3 days. The process is then repeated (up to 36 times depending on the fat and the botanical matter) by replacing the spent botanicals with fresh ones until the fat has reached a desired degree of fragrance saturation. The cold fat process was developed in southern France in the 18th century for the production of high-grade concentrates.

In hot enfleurage, solid fats are heated and botanical matter is stirred into the fat. Spent botanicals are repeatedly strained from the fat and replaced with fresh material until the fat is saturated with fragrance. This method is considered the oldest known procedure for preserving plant fragrance substances. So far Wild Veil only incorporates cold enfleurage into products.

In both instances, once the fat is saturated with fragrance, it is then called the "enfleurage pommade." This is a highly perfumed solid fat, not to be confused with pomade used for styling hair. Historically, this enfleurage pommade was either sold as it was,* or it could be further washed or soaked in ethyl alcohol to draw the fragrant molecules into the alcohol. When the alcohol was separated from the fat and allowed to evaporate, it would leave behind the absolute of the botanical matter. The spent fat would typically be used to make soaps since it is still fairly fragrant. *This listing is for an organic pommade.

The advent of modern perfumery ushered in the ease and relative inexpense of commercial solvent-based extraction of natural materials along with mass production of synthetic compounds, making the art of enfleurage seem highly inefficient and costly in comparison. The method is now superseded by more efficient techniques such as solvent extraction or supercritical fluid extraction using liquid carbon dioxide (CO2) or similar compressed gases. Enfleurage had been the sole method of extracting the fragrant compounds (containing thousands of aromachemicals) from delicate floral botanical such as jasmine and tuberose, which are be destroyed or denatured by the high temperatures required by cheaper methods of fragrance extraction such as steam distillation. It is still believed by some perfumers that enfleurage remains the only way to capture and preserve the full range of complexity of certain scents, particularly of flowers.

s i z i n g ☽•☾
I offer enfleurage in sizes of 1ml (a sample of approximately 20-25 drops), 5ml and 10ml. 1ml (sample size) comes in a hinge top pod. 5ml comes in a clear glass jar. 10ml is available in a glass jar or a round tin.

Please make your selection from the menu.

r a w ☽•☾ m a t t e r
Wild Veil natural perfumes are composed by me, Abby, using homemade, wildcrafted and organic aromatics in Vermont. These include my handmade enfleurage, tinctures, enfleurage extraits, absolutes, resinoids and concretes, and floral waxes. I spend as much time growing plants and foraging as I do composing perfumes.

h o w ☽•☾ t o ☽•☾ w e a r
The best way to experience a natural perfume is to apply it to well-moisturized skin, without rubbing in (absorption only shortens the wear time of fragrance) and without scrubbing off. Natural perfumes are dynamic and take a minimum of 2 hours to reach their final stage, or dry down. Enjoy the alchemical changes as they unfold from the initial intensity of top notes, to the warmth of the heart, to the depth of lower base notes.

☽•☾ Wild Veil ☽•☾ alchemy between earth and ether ☽•☾

☽•☾ All aesthetic material copyright Abby Hinsman 2023 ☽•☾